Difference Between Manual and Automation Testing

Published by: EDURE

Last updated : 12/4/2024


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Understanding the distinctions between manual and automation testing is essential for those looking to master the art and science of ensuring software quality. This guide delves into both methodologies, offering insights that will help you make informed decisions in your educational and professional pursuits in software testing.

This article aims to elucidate the foundational concepts of software testing, explore the differences between manual and automation testing, and highlight how each method can enhance your career in the thriving tech hubs of Kerala which Is Trivandrum and Kochi.

What is Software Testing?

Software testing is the cornerstone of quality assurance in the development process. It involves evaluating the functionality of a software application with an intent to find whether the developed software met the specified requirements and to identify defects to ensure that the product is free from errors.

What is Manual Testing?

Manual testing is the process of manually checking software for defects. It requires a tester to assume the position of an end user and use the most of the application's capabilities to guarantee proper behaviour.

Human-centric Approach: Testers manually execute test cases without the assistance of any tools. This human involvement is crucial for observing the application's usability and overall user interaction.

No Automation Tools: This approach is entirely tool-free, relying solely on the critical eye and expertise of the tester.

Time and Effort: Manual testing is time-consuming and requires a substantial amount of effort, making it less efficient for repetitive tasks but invaluable for exploratory testing.

Intuitive Testing: It allows for intuitive assessments of visual elements and user experiences that automated tools might overlook.

What Is Automation Testing

Automation testing involves using software tools to run tests that repeat predefined actions, compare the results to the expected behavior, and report the success or failure of these manual tests.

Use of Tools: This method relies on automation tools to execute tests, which speeds up the process and increases the efficiency of testing efforts.

Skill Requirements: Unlike manual testing, automation testing requires a basic knowledge of programming or scripting.

Cost Implications: Initial setup costs for automation tools can be high, but they provide long-term savings by reducing the manual effort needed over time.

Is Manual Testing Dying?

Contrary to common belief, manual testing is not dying but evolving. It continues to be an integral part of testing for the following reasons:

Essential for Initial Phases: Manual testing is crucial in the initial phases of software development, where human insights are invaluable.

UI/UX Evaluation: Certain aspects like UI/UX are better evaluated manually to understand the emotional reaction of the user, which cannot be mimicked by automated processes.

Detailed Comparison Between Manual and Automation Testing

Speed and Efficiency: Automation testing is significantly faster than manual testing, making it suitable for projects requiring frequent testing of the same areas.

Flexibility vs. Rigidity: Manual testing allows for more flexibility to adapt quickly to changes in test cases, whereas automation testing is more rigid and better suited for stable areas of the application.

Cost Consideration: Manual testing does not require an upfront investment in tools, making it more cost-effective in the short term. However, automation testing, despite its higher initial cost, can be more cost-efficient in the long run due to reduced manpower needs.

Skill Set: Manual testing can generally be performed with less technical knowledge than automation testing, which requires programming skills to write and maintain scripts.

Scope of Testing: Manual testing is superior for ad hoc and usability testing, while automation testing excels in areas that require repeated execution of the same tasks, such as regression testing.

Software Testing Opportunities in Kerala

In kerala , majority of the software testing opportunities are in Trivandrum and Kochi. As technology hubs, Trivandrum and Kochi are rapidly expanding their IT infrastructure, resulting in a plethora of opportunities for software testers. Both cities are home to numerous tech parks and IT companies that demand quality software products, thereby increasing the need for skilled testers.

IT Parks and Companies: Technopark in Trivandrum and Infopark in Kochi are among the largest IT employers in the state, hosting companies that range from startups to multinational corporations. These companies regularly seek professionals adept in both manual and automation testing.

Startup Culture: The vibrant startup ecosystem in both cities offers unique challenges and opportunities for testers. Startups often prioritize agile and flexible testing approaches, providing a dynamic environment for testers to apply and broaden their skills.

Educational Institutions and Training Centers: Edure stands out as a premier institution in Trivandrum and Kochi, offering specialized software testing courses that are meticulously designed to meet the demands of modern IT industries. Our courses not only cover fundamental and advanced testing techniques but also provide students with hands-on experience through live project work. Additionally, Edure enhances career readiness with opportunities for internships and robust placement support.

Community and Networking: The testing community in these cities is supported by various workshops, seminars, and meet-ups that help professionals stay updated with the latest testing tools and methodologies. Networking within these communities can lead to job opportunities and career growth.

Job Roles and Growth: The career path in software testing in these cities can vary widely—from test engineers and QA analysts to lead positions overseeing entire testing departments. The role expansion also includes specializations such as performance testing, security testing, and test automation.


As Trivandrum and Kochi continue to thrive as major IT hubs, the demand for skilled software testers is on the rise. For those looking to forge a successful career in this field, Edure offers comprehensive software testing courses that are designed to equip you with the latest methodologies in both manual and automation testing. Our courses include hands-on training with live projects, providing real-world experience that is crucial for understanding the nuances of the industry. Furthermore, Edure supports students beyond the classroom with internship opportunities that offer a glimpse into the professional world and placement support to help kickstart your career in software testing. Whether you’re just starting out or looking to advance your skills, Edure’s program in Trivandrum and Kochi provides the tools and resources necessary for a promising career in software testing